Superman Costumes: An Iconic Hero of All Times –

Are you a superman lover and looking for something that can fill in for your craze? Superman jackets are available online, which can provide you a full feel of superman. If you look closely, these types of jackets have style and crisp in them which attract many hearts towards the style of these jackets.

Today, both men and women are fond of these superman jackets as they meet with their style statement. These jackets have versatile look, if you are planning to go out a beach party or for disc party, these jackets looks exceptionally cool on the wearer. These jackets are one good choice for those who want to feel like a superman by styling it out casually.

If you look closely, you will see small detailing that has especially been made for the superman jacket lovers. This jacket has a chest logo featuring incredibly sharp detailing, back gusset and armpit ventilated leather, durable and tough edge seaming for all visible and hidden stitch work.

These features make sure that these leather gusset openings won’t remain folded open over time. The manufacturer also provide body armor in elbow, shoulder and back spine protector, in order to protect you while driving bike. This high-quality accessorized jacket is tough, strong and, heavy duty construction which built to last and highly detail.

These jackets enhance your personality and make you look different in the crowd. Today, there are many online stores that offer such jackets at reasonable price. There are many people around the world who love online shopping. Those who love online shopping, it is time you can buy Superman jackets online at an affordable price.

We would like to offer latest collection of the Superman jackets in different colors. These jackets are available in different colors, also visit the website and buy your favorite favourite super-hero jackets.

Superman Jackets:


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Kindly visit our website for more beautiful designs and costumes.

Thanks Team Wahshi.

David Beckham A Superstar and Fashion Icon – Wahshi

David Beckham could not find 10p to feed the power meter. Beckham, a shy, London born son of a gas fitter, needed just begun his Premier League soccer career with United. Twenty one years later, Beckham, his wife, Victoria, and their four children, are likely to be worth 470 million and counting, which makes the family over 130m wealthier than the Queen. A natural companion of Tony Blair and Lord Coe when the United Kingdom bid for the 2012 Olympic games, Beckham now goes smoothly as an ambassador on the worldwide stage. When GQ requested the designer Tommy Hilfiger to specify Beckham’s status on the market, his response was unequivocal: he’s the men’s style icon of today, definitely No.

Since Alan Edwards recalls, David launched to his vision for the future of soccer and it was mesmerising. It was one of these unusual moments which you get in a profession when you realise you are sitting in the existence of some type of greatness. That evening, Beckham talked about the women’s game, about America being another frontier and about standing up against racism and homophobia. He has been going to perform Sunday Times Style and desired a Elvis look, which to a footballer was unprecedented. Even at this early period it was clear Beckham had an attempt to do more than merely score goals, and he knew how: by using his image to transcend the game.

Now, for the very First time, their work has been brought together to David Beckham: The Man, an exhibition which opened in Feb at London’s Phillips Galleries. It’ll Mark the next phase in Beckham’s development: becoming immortalized in art. George Best could Have tasted several Lincroft Kilgour pieces, sure, but which has been nothing compared with Beckham’s willingness to wear a sarong or Alice band. Over his football career, from Manchester United to Real Madrid, Milan and lastly LA Galaxy – and across his changing style, from gender bending experimentation to more calibrated luxury – Beckham has used style to go beyond the sport. Beckham has always asserted that his enthusiasm for fashion isn’t a cynical concoction. His media savvy decision to employ Edwards, a publicist from 1997 To 2003 who specialised in amusement – in which makes stars – helped put style at the core of Beckham’s image. As the largest metrosexual in Britain – based on Mark Simpson, the journalist who coined the term – Beckham needed natural crossover appeal and he played on this at his shoots.

Both David and Victoria “Posh” Beckham has set new fashion trends. They inspire most of the people with their uniques fashion sense and style. David Beckham become a role model for fashion trending and he is surely a king of fashion who has great sense of style. He is a great impact on people lifes and his followers. The great footballer knows how to get the best clothes on him and let people follow him. Here are few of David Beckham’s outfits which are all time big hit.

David Beckham Outfits:

1. H&M T-shirt + Jeans + Sneakers

David Beckham Fashion Trending

2. Plain T-shirt + Jeans + Boots + Hat + Sunglasses

David Beckham Fashion Trending

3. Plain Crew Neck T-shirt + Chinos + Boots

David Beckham Fashion Trending

4. Addidas T-shirt + Jeans + Sneakers

David Beckham Fashion Trending

5. Sweatshirt + Jeans + Boots + Biography

David Beckham Fashion Trending

6. Plaid Shirt + Jeans + Boots

David Beckham Fashion Trending

7. Plain T-shirt + Jeans + Leather Jacket + Boots

David Beckham Fashion Trending

8. Quilted Diamond Pattern Leather Jacket + Cap + Jeans + Shoes

David Beckham Fashion Trending

9. Biker Racer Leather Jacket

David Beckham Fashion Trending

10. Plain T-shirt + Trousers + Blazer + Sneakers

David Beckham Fashion Trending

11. Plain Shirt + Blue Trousers + Double-Breasted Blazer + Tie + Formal Shoes

David Beckham Fashion Trending11

12. Plain Shirt + Black Trousers + Black Tuxedo Jacket + Bow Tie + Formal Shoes

David Beckham Fashion Trending

13. Olympic Ambassador

David Beckham Fashion Trending

14. V-neck Leisure Vest Suit Mens + Tie + Plain shirt

David Beckham Fashion Trending

15. Polo Shirt + Pea Coat

David Beckham Fashion Trending


Thank you for reading this article. We wish you a good day!

Team Wahshi.

Captain America Steve Rogers All Time Hit Leather Jackets / Costumes

Capt USA

Fulfill the dream of wearing the exact jacket from Captain America movie!

The protagonist of Captain America movie is certainly the most loved and admired one. From comics to movies, the character of the hero has come so far that everything associated with him has become the talk of the town. People love to follow him, be his style of walking, talking or may be dressing. Specially, when it is about his colorful, eye-catching jackets, the men are certainly the one who falls for it.

There are youngsters who even wish to wear the same jacket as that of the lead from movie Captain America. But, do you know that it is possible to do? It can simply be done if you purchase the replica jackets of Captain America online and then flaunt similar style as that of your favorite super hero. The quality of jacket, material used in it, its finishing, the warmth it gives, almost every factor counts and make the jacket desirable for men.

So, keeping the requirements and needs of the people in mind, we at Wahshi have come up with the vast range of jackets as in Captain America series. The people who desire to look and feel the same as their super hero and then we give you a wonderful opportunity to accomplish your wish and live your dream in reality.

This can simply be possible by purchasing the high quality and similar looking jackets online at our online store. We have vast range of jackets that exactly replicate the real jackets from the movies. All the jackets are of same color, most importantly, the fabric used in making the jackets is of high quality, in fact pure leather so it gives the real feel to the wearer. The jackets are made with proper finishing and high quality stitching. The designs are even exact to that from movies. It simply means, you can wear the same jacket and own it with proud and that too at affordable prices.

We ensure you that you will get the best quality jackets with everything intact and of high quality. Moreover, we also ensure that we offer smart and stylish jackets at market leading prices. If you are also the one who wishes to purchase one jacket and flaunt it amongst the peers, then probably, you can right away visit us at Whitmore online and order the jacket whichever you wish to purchase. You will simply get the jacket delivered at the desired address and will definitely own a jacket at affordable prices as well. For more details, you can view the jackets online along with their description so that you can get the full idea about the jacket and once sure about it, you can purchase it.


There are many fans of a super hero Captain America. If you are also the one and wish to wear the same jacket from the movie, then it is highly recommended to find an online retailer who sells replica jackets from the movies like Captain America, etc. at best prices. Please find below the detailed description of all the Captain America movies costumes.

Captain America: The First Avenger (2011)


This is the first movie of the Captain America series. It was set in WW2 era 1942 and it tells the story of the young Steve Rogers. He tried to recruit in the military but turned down because of his health issues. He later tried recruit again with the his friend Sgt. James “Bucky” Barnes and eventually recruited into the Strategic Scientific Reserve as a part of Super Soldier experience. His costume consists colorful jacket along with the mask and metal shield.

Captain America

Some features of this marvellous jacket are:
  • Worn by: Chris Evans

  • Material: Faux leather

  • Lining: Soft durable polyester inner lining

  • Collar: Snap tab collar style

  • Buckles: Fix buckles at front and back

  • Star: White star on front and back

  • Color: Blue, white and grey

  • Front: Branded YKK zipper closure

  • Pads: Padded four packs

  • Pockets: Inner pockets

  • Cuffs: Zipper and snap tab cuffs

A slightly different colored version of this jacket is also available with exact same details.

Captain America

Captain America: The Winter Soldier (2014)

This is the second installment of the Captain America series and sequel of the 2011 movie. It starts with the Steve Rogers struggles to adjust in the society. He started work for S.H.I.E.L.D. and sent to an assignment with Natasha Romanov. This movie is about the identification and elimination of Hyda’s agents in the S.H.I.E.L.D to secure human race. Captain America wore an impressive dashing black costume in this movie.

Some features of this marvellous jacket are:
  • Worn by: Chris Evans

  • Material: Faux leather

  • Lining: Soft durable polyester inner lining

  • Waist: Black color rib around the waist.

  • Star: White star on front

  • Front: Branded YKK zipper closure

  • Pads: Padded four packs

  • Pockets: Inner pockets

  • Cuffs: Zippered and Ribbed cuffs

  • Stripes: White color stripes along chest and biceps

A slightly different colored version of this jacket is also available with exact same details.

Captain America’s best friend Sgt. Bucky James Barnes emerged as the villain in this movie. He was captured and experimented during WW2 and now known as The Winter Soldier. His one arm was replaced with the metallic arm. He fought with the Captain America and his companions but in the end he saved Captains life. His costumes details are as below:
Bucky Barnes
The metallic arm was made with silver leather. Both arms are attached with zips and can be detachable if needed. Some features of this marvellous jacket are:
  • Worn by: Sebastian Stan

  • Material: Faux leather

  • Lining: Soft durable polyester inner lining

  • Front: Branded YKK zipper closure and beautiful snap button pattern

  • Pockets: Inner pockets

  • Cuffs: Zippered cuffs

Avengers: Age of Ulton (2015)

In this movie, the avengers fight with an artifial intelligence obsessed program Ultron to save human race from extinction. The cast includes Robert Downey Jr., Chris Hemsworth, Mark Ruffalo, Chris Evans, Scarlett Johansson, Jeremy Renner, Don Cheadle, Aaron Taylor-Johnson, Elizabeth Olsen, Paul Bettany, Cobie Smulders, Anthony Mackie, Hayley Atwell, Idris Elba, Stellan Skarsgård, James Spader, and Samuel L. Jackson. Despite the big cast, the movie made its impression. Here fans watched most of their Super Heros fought together against the evil forces. The Captain America played an important role along with Iron Man. There was a  great display of work in costumes and they received positive reviews fro critics. Please find below Captain America’s costume details.

  • Worn by: Sebastian Stan

  • Material: Faux leather

  • Lining: Soft durable polyester inner lining

  • Front: Branded YKK zipper closure

  • Pockets: Inner pockets

  • Cuffs: Zippered cuffs

  • White star front and back’

Captain America: Civil War (2016)

The third sequel of the 2011 and 2014 movies. This is the highest earner among all the movies and a commercial hit. The costume worn by Captain America is the biggest hit among global fans.

capt america civil war

  • Worn By: Chris Evans
  • External: Faux
  • Internal: Soft durable polyester inner lining
  • Sleeves: Full Sleeves
  • Neck: High neck
  • Fit: Regular
  • White Star On Front
  • Front: Branded YKK zipper closure


Please check our other Marvel Comics range of the costumes. All perfectly made with full details at discounted price and expedited shipment.

Additional Info:

Kindly refer to our sizing guide to measure your size correctly.

Common Movie Bloopers

Blockbuster movies can be billion dollar events today, but however large the activity and spectacle could get, errors are bound to occur. Studios may do their very best to maintain those defects from making the final cut, but luckily for film fans, some unbelievable slip ups still slip throughout the cracks. The filmmakers could have believed their finished film was devoid of all, but the most minor defects, but the next Rumors Show That Fans Have an eye for detail some supervisors lack.

The Last Samurai Movie:

The Last Samurai’s narrative of nineteenth century Japan might unveil many historic events and figures, but it’s really star Tom Cruise’s horse that produces the largest on screen gaff. Since the movie’s protagonist arrives to muster his samurai before struggle, his horse comes to a complete stop before abruptly unlocking a devastating blow to a nearby additional. It seem the horse did not care for how it was managed and chose to take out its anger on an unsuspecting samurai – a choice every viewer is now able to enjoy.

Jurassic Park:

It’s no secret that Jurassic Park includes its fair share of errors, continuity errors, deleted scenes of significant plot points, or props appearing onscreen. The most iconic error Is the magic T Rex enclosure the dinosaur could walk from, but becomes a sheer drop just moments later. One would think that a movie capable of bring dinosaurs to life would also be capable to set up a real live camera Feed for developer Dennis Nedry with before he double crosses to communicate John Hammond.

James Bond – Quantum of Solace:

The entire James Bond series of movies best known for their physics challenging activity and over that the top science fiction and gadgetry, but Quantum of Solace showed it is not just 007 or Q that can turn reality on its head. As star Daniel Craig traces his prey To a sun baked Haitian harbor, an additional playing a background maintenance employee does his best to act natural – and fails miserably.

Wonder Woman 2017 Movie:

The latest hit movie Wonder Woman 2017 has also revealed lot of mistakes. Although box office hit but it looks like some amateur has directed with too many basic errors.

Team Wahshi

Leather Jackets: A Catalogue of Latest Designs for Men and Women

slim fit leather jackets

Modern men and women of twenty-first century always want to wear a brand new thing that improve their character and give them an incredible look. Leather garments are always a source of inpiration in the fashion industry. The leather garments especially jackets are always extremely pricey, but you find that these jackets are awesome for the outfits.

retro cafe racer front Logan Jacket bomber black jacket

Men Casual Wear Jackets

Whenever you talk about leather, you need to keep one thing at heart that leather is difficult and less versatile style stuff. This stuff can’t be easily spoiled and you can simply use it for long life. The leather garments provides you a glamorous and eye-catching look. The market of leather garments has been growing every day for last several years. The leather jackets are made with stunning styles and give you a wonderful look. They can be found in different shades of colours and designs. The most attractive colours In leather are brown and shades of brown, boring or black or different tone of black. These jackets start from the rough and difficult shape to the smooth and plain form, it also available in glowing colours and also in dull tones at the same time. Leather jackets have a wide range of colors and shapes.

bane jacket chocolate brown bomber jacket Jacket

Men All Season Party Wear Jackets

Leather garments always possess a pure quality which is unmatchable. They are specifically design for males and ladies in different styles and additional details. Leathers jackets of males possess a diverse taste and those of women have distinct touch. These shiny or matt finished , hard and soft leather jackets are popular with everyone. These jackets are suitable to wear over any kind of dress and every occasion and weather. For last several years leather jacket are being considered a fashion symbol among the males and females. Ladies leather acket gives them a versatile, fashionable and appealing look for any event or event.


Leather Costume: Watch Dogs Dog 2 Dedsec Wrench

Watch Dogs / Dog 2 (stylized as WATCH_DOGS 2) is an open world action-adventure third-person shooter video game. This sequel to 2014’s Watch Dog developed and published by Ubisoft. Worldwide released for PlayStation 4, Xbox One, and Microsoft Windows in November 2016.

watch dog dogs vest

This game is played from a third-person perspective. This game is navigated either on-foot or by vehicle. Players control Marcus Holloway, a hacker who works with the hacking group DedSec to take down the city’s advanced surveillance system.

This vest is an exact replica worn in Watch Dog 2. It is made from Fine Synthetic Faux leather. This product is state of the art example of our craftsmanship with unique features like water resistant polyester lining, inner pockets, pointed studs on shoulders, plain studs front / back and front fastening with button snap closure.

watch dog dogs vest front


watch dog dogs vest back

Vest / Costume Details:

  • Original YKK zips and other quality details.
  • Faux Leather Vest.
  • Two Pockets Inside.
  • Sparkilng pointed studs on shoulders.
  • Sparkilng plain studs front and back of vest.
  • Face Mask and Wrist Band not included in the purchase.
The aforementioned are some benefits of the Watch Dogs. Please check our other Marvel Comics range of the costumes. All perfectly made with full details at discounted price and expedited shipment.

Size Measurement Guide –

Size Measurement Guide

E commerce has become an essential part of the businesses now. Every company / organisation relies alot on their online existance. Even brick and mortar stores are investing a lot to maintain their e comeerce activities. All businesses either physical or online have their pros and cons.

In Apparel industry, sizing is one of the most important issue. We receive lot of queries regarding size and meausrement. It is also a common practice that there is no hard and fast rule for the sizing. Even the high street stores are inconsistent across their lines. Furthermore, we have to consider different regions of the world. Mostly two size charts USA and UK are in practice by the vendors and retailers. Sizing inconsistencies also attributed to different fabrics and their styles.

The most noteworthy thing to look for when online shopping is the size chart. Clothing manufacturers will lay out bust, waist, and hips measurements in inches or centimeters that correspond to sizes. Each brand or designer uses a different scale, so it’s best to check the  measurements on which that brand bases its sizing.

Businesses faces huge losses in their revenues due to returns / exchanges from customers. We always request our customers to check their sizes before ordering with us. To address this issue, our team decided to create a size measurement guideline.

We recommend our  buyers to take help from a friend / family member. Kindly ask them to hold the tape neither too tight nor too lose. A gentle snug is fine and they will get the measurements. Please find below our size chart. We need few detailed measurements for the size.

  1. Chest
  2. Waist
  3. Shoulders
  4. Sleeves
  5. Waist
  6. Jacket Length

Measuring size:

  • Chest: This measurements is used for tops and jackets. We prefer exact fit without too much expanded chest. We will add space as per jacket style. The correct way to measure chest is to place the tape under one arm. Wrap it around the body and then note down size. Furthermore, the tape must kept as close as possible to the under arms.chest size
  • Waist: This measurement is used in tops, jackets and bottoms / trousers. Most of the brands prefer natural waist measurements located in between rib cage and belly button. But we prefer low waist. It is the point where trouser normally rides. We again emphasis for normal stomcah measures neither squeezed nor too much expanded.



  • Shoulders: This measurement is very important. Please ask a friend / family member for assistance. As described in picture, place the measuring tape at the seams of both shoulders from back.


  • Sleeves: Sleeves length varies person to person. Please ask either friend or family member for assistance. It starts from the base of the neck to the top shoulder seam and all the way down to the mid palm. Measuring tape must be held tight all the time. We prefer exact measurements with no extra added space.
  1. From the base of the neck to top shoulder seam.
  2. Top shoulder seam to mid palm.


  • Jacket Length: This measurement varies from design to design. Furthermore, it is a person’s choice whether he / she like a waist or hip length jacket. This is done with the assistance again. Person must stand still and straight. Friend / family member measures from the bottom of the neck (as shown in image) to the point where jackeet length is required. Measuring tape must be held firmly all the time.


Having your measurements ensures that you will know the best size to get for your clothes. It is an easy way to take much of the risk out of online shopping, and can be helpful if you’re looking at doing alterations to your clothes as well.

Thank you

Michael Jackson Thriller Red Leather Jacket

Michael Jackson Thriller Red Leather Jacket

Michael Joseph Jackson also known as “King of Pop was an American singer, songwriter, record producer, dancer, actor, and philanthropist. His contributions to music, dance, and fashion life made him a global figure in popular culture for over four decades.

Michael made his professional debut in 1964 with his elder brothers as a member of the Jackson 5. Consequently, he began his solo career in 1971. In the early 1980s, Jackson became a dominant figure in popular music. MJ music videos, most noteworthy those of “Beat It“, “Billie Jean“, and “Thriller” from his 1982 album Thriller, are credited with breaking racial barriers and transforming the medium into an art form and promotional tool.

Michael Jackson is also famous for his unique choice of costumes and considered a fashion icon of his time. Therefore, thousand of fans copied his costumes and styles during and after his life. World renowned cherographers and artists still copying his style. In conclusion, MJ set up new trends in fashion and art industry sending waves of inspiration to his fans in almost every part of the world.

Michael Jackson Thriller

King of Pop Michael Jackson wore this amazing red jacket in his all time hit music video “Thriller”. This jacket is made from supreme quality Lamb/Sheep skin leather.

This product is state of the art example of our craftsmanship with unique features like water resistant polyester lining, inner pockets, top quality zipper for the cuffs and front fastening with button snap closure.

Product Specifications:

  • 100% Original soft Lamb/Sheep skin Leather
  • State of the art craftsmanship
  • Top quality zippers
  • Front zippered fastening plus button snap closure.
  • 2 inner pockets
  • Adjustable straps on wrist and waist
  • Polyester water resistant lining

This beautiful jacket is also available in White and Black. At our online showroom, you will get elegance class leather garments with finest stitching, top quality garment and 100% customer satisfaction.

Michael Jackson Thriller

Guide: Leather Manufacturing Process

Leather Manufacturing Process

Leather is a durable and flexible material created by tanning animal rawhide and skin. Manufacturing process ranges from cottage industry to heavy industry.

Furthermore, people use leather to make various goods. It includes clothing (e.g., shoes, hats, jackets, skirts, trousers, and belts), bookbinding, wallpaper, and as a furniture covering. There are wide range of techniques used to produce different types and styles. 


The manufacturing process is divided into three sub-processes.

  • Preparatory stages
  • Tanning
  • Crusting

All true leathers will undergo these sub-processes. Sometimes, surface coating also added into the sequence. The list of operations that leathers undergo vary with the type of leather.

Production management:

The making process is generally restricted to batch processing. But if the surface coating sub-process is added then some continuous processing can be included. The operation flow has to follow the preparatory → tanning → crusting → surface coating sub-process order without deviation. Some of the sub-processes can be omitted to make certain leathers (or partially tanned/ untanned products).

Preparatory stages:

The preparatory stages are when the hide/skin is prepared for tanning. Most of the unwanted raw components of the skin are removed during the Preparatory stages. There are different options available to prepare skin. Not all of the options maybe performed. Preparatory stages may include:

  • preservation- treatment of the hide/skin with a method which renders it temporarily imputrescible.
  • soaking – water for purposes of washing or rehydration is reintroduced.
  • liming – unwanted proteins and “opening up” is achieved.
  • unhairing – removal of the majority of hairs.
  • fleshing – removal of the subcutaneous material.
  • splitting – cutting the hide/skin into two or more horizontal layers.
  • reliming – further treatment of the hide/skin to achieve more “opening up” or more protein removal.
  • deliming – removal of the liming and unhairing chemicals from the pelt.
  • bating – introduction of proteolytic proteins to the skin to remove further proteins and to assist with softening of the pelt.
  • degreasing – removal of natural fats/oils or as much as is possible from the hide/skin.
  • frizing – physical removal of the fat layer inside the skin. Also similar to Slicking.
  • bleaching – chemical modification of dark pigments to yield a lighter coloured pelt.
  • pickling – lowering of the pH value to the acidic region. This process is done in the presence of salts. Pickling normally used to help with the penetration of certain tanning agents, e.g., chromium (and other metals), aldehydic and some polymeric tanning agents
  • depickling – raising of the pH out of the acidic region to assist with penetration of certain tanning agents


Tanning is the process that converts the protein of the raw hide or skin into a stable material. It will not putrefy and is suitable for a wide variety of end applications. The principal difference between raw hides and tanned hides is that raw hides dry out to form a hard inflexible material that can putrefy when re-wetted (wetted back), while tanned material dries out to a flexible form that does not become putrid when wetted back. There are different tanning methods and materials available. The choice is especially relevant to the end application of the leather. The most commonly used tanning agent is chromium. After tanning, it leaves a pale blue colour texture on the leather. Therefore, this product is commonly called “wet blue”. 

The acidity of hides once they have finished pickling will typically be between pH of 2.8-3.2. Furthermore, the hides went in a drum and immersed in a float containing the tanning liquor. The hides remain soaked (while the drum slowly rotates about its axle) and the tanning liquor slowly penetrates through the full substance of the hide. Degree of penetration process regularly checked by cutting the cross section of a hide. After achieving an even degree of penetration, the pH of the float is slowly raised in a process called basification. This basification process fixes the tanning material to the leather, and the more tanning material fixed, the higher the hydrothermal stability and increased shrinkage temperature resistance of the skin. The pH of the hide/skin when chrome tanned would typically finish somewhere between 3.8-4.2.


This procedure involves thinning, re-tanning and lubrication of the hide/skin. Often a coloring operation is a part of the crusting sub-process. The culmination of the crusting sub-process is the drying and softening operations. Crusting may include the following operations:

  • wetting back – rehydration of the semi-processed leather.
  • sammying – sequeezing 45-55%(m/m) water out of the skin.
  • splitting – splitting leather into one or more horizontal layers.
  • shaving – cutting leather fibres off to thinned leather using a machine.
  • neutralisation – adjustment of the pH value of the leather between 4.5 and 6.5.
  • retanning – addition of extra tanning agents to impart properties.
  • dyeing – Coloring of the leather.
  • fatliquoring – fixing leather fibres with fats/oils and waxes.
  • filling – addition of heavy/dense chemicals to make the leather harder and heavier.
  • stuffing – addition of fats/oils and waxes between the fibres.
  • stripping – removal of superficially fixed tannins.
  • whitening – reducing the colour of the leather.
  • fixation – removal of all unbound chemicals attached to the leather
  • setting – area, grain flatness imparted and excess water removed.
  • drying – drying of the leather to various moisture levels (commonly 14-25%).
  • conditioning – addition of the water to the leather to a level of 18-28%.
  • softening – physical softening by separating the leather fibres.
  • buffing – abrasion of the surfaces of the leather to reduce nap or grain defects.

Surface coating:

Finishing is a process of applying coating to the leather surface. Finishing operations may include:

  • oiling
  • brushing
  • padding
  • impregnation
  • buffing
  • spraying
  • roller coating
  • curtain coating
  • polishing
  • plating
  • embossing
  • ironing
  • combing (hair-on)
  • glazing

In conclusion, the leather making process has evolved from centuries and now it has been benfitted from the technology. Machines takes over manual work and it reduces the pain staking hard process alot. Furthermore, it benefits thousands of people around the globe who involved in this industry from the manufacturing to selling the leather goods.